Central Pain is one of the most difficult pain syndromes to treat effectively. There are currently no existing treatments that are uniformly successful and the neurophysiology is understood poorly, which limits development and application of new treatments. It arises following a partial or complete injury with in the nervous system.
The treatment is mostly in the form of medical management and physical therapy. Surgical management may be considered in few situations if the etiology of the pain has been clearly defined. Examples of central pain are pain following stroke, multiple sclerosis, phantom pain, post amputation pain, and pain following spinal cord injuries.